Diabetic Socks
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Compression Socks

Socks cover the foot up to the knees. Compression socks, useful in foot-care, are so designed that they provide extra support and improve circulation in legs and feet. They are made of elastic or rubber. Their soles may be padded thereby improving shock absorption. They are made of dermophillic materials due to which they reduce allergies. Their main function is to provide pressure to the leg's veins by pressing on the leg, thereby supporting the veins, aiding in the flow of blood and preventing clots.

Their simple application is convenient for the patient. They prevent the collection of blood and also lymph fluid in the feet, especially at long periods of standing or the static state. Compression socks are lightweight socks used for travel or medical recovery. They are useful in treatment of mild level of varicose veins, serious clotting problems like deep vein thrombosis and post surgery. They have to be worn all the time as advised by the doctor. They should be taken off at night, washed and dried. The patients have reported improvement when they wore compression socks daily. Studies have shown improved cardiac output with these socks worn when measured in a state of rest. They are useful when worn during long flights as they prevent the swelling in the foot and leg. It can also be used in sports for training where they help in muscle fatigue and preventing tissue damage. They improve running performance, helping to run long and fast. They give comfort to calf and shins. Compression socks enhance comfort especially in endurance events.

Compression socks can be bought from drug stores, grocery stores, the super stores and also online. Available in different brands, opacities, sizes, and styles, compression socks are of two varieties- gradient and anti-embolism.

Studies have shown that there are some common problems encountered with compression socks. A few of them include improper application, incorrect measurement and fitting. In such cases, compression socks do not help in recovery. Therefore, they should be used properly. Otherwise they may be uncomfortable, difficult in using. Compression socks should be used as per the professional advice. Some compression socks may be bought without a prescription. A pharmacist may help by correctly measuring the leg. The best time to take measurements is in the morning. In a few cases, they may not fit due to the compression and pressure of the socks. In such cases, there are some application aids which help in putting the socks on.

The compression levels of these socks is measured in mmhg (millimeter of mercury). The low level is 10-15 mmhg or 15-20 mmhg and is available over-the counter; medium 20-30, 30-40, 40-50, and 50+ and requires a prescription; high 18-21, 23-32, 34-46, up to 50 mmhg and these are custom made.

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